[Some useful definitions of the different theatre forms which can sometimes become blurred - these are UK terms, some of which are used differently elswhere]
Theatre for Young People [TYP]
Umbrella heading used by the Arts Council for all work by professional actors for young people
Young People's Theatre [YPT] ‑ sometimes known as educational theatre.
Used to denote a performance by professional actors in an educational context, or in any space where young people form the audience, such as youth clubs or community centres. It is frequently based on social issues. Teachers' packs or other follow‑up materials are often provided by the company.
Work done by professional actor‑teachers in a school context. The primary aim is to use theatre and drama to create a wide range of learning opportunities across the whole curriculum. Typically Theatre‑In‑Education works with one class for at least half a day, and in addition to performance, the programme involves some active participation on the part of the pupils For example: work in role, drama workshops or the challenging of characters from the play]
Work performed by professional companies whose primary aim is to entertain children or to increase their appreciation of theatre as an art form.
Work by professional theatre companies responding to the needs of specific groups in the community, including young people.
Companies which normally present a programme of work for adults may include in their repertoire plays which are suitable for young audiences. Many perform plays which appear on examination syllabuses and accompany performances with workshops.
Presented by young people themselves, usually facilitated by a professional theatre worker, a teacher, or a young people's theatre company, a regional repertory company or an arts centre
[Source: Arts Council and Regional Arts Associations joint report on Theatre for Young People 1986]
Drama in Education
This term is used only in a school situation, and is both a method and a subject. As a subject on the curriculum, it uses dramatic elements of movement, voice, concentration, improvisation and role‑play to aid the personal development of the pupil. As a method it utilises role‑play and acting‑out in any subject to teach pupils through experience.
[Christine Redington ‑ Can Theatre Teach? Pergamon 1983]
Theatre in Health Education [THE]
Term coined in the late 1980s to reflect the increasing body of theatre work in schools around health issues. Often arising from health authority funding, it can take the form of TIE, YPT or Children's Theatre.